What is biodiversity? Definition:
biodiversity means diversity of life and refers to the totality of all organisms detectable on Earth, of all ecosystems and of all biological processes acting on them. It includes biodiversity and is often mistakenly confused with it. Biodiversity also includes genetic modifications within a species and therefore includes farmed animals and plants. The conservation of biodiversity in all habitats is a vital basis for human existence. Therefore, the so-called biodiversity research deals with the sustainable use of biodiversity and develops methods for their preservation for the next generations.
Biodiversity as a prerequisite
The targeted protection of biological diversity not only serves to safeguard human survival, but is also socially relevant. Only if biodiversity is maintained at all levels can humans access a variety of foodstuffs that sufficiently feed the entire world population. Also, the wide range of natural raw materials for the development of medicines can only be secured by the natural diversity of all organisms and the related interactions. Equally important is biodiversity in technical terms. The more species and intact ecosystems in the world exist, the more ideas people have of developing technical solutions. Numerous innovations and inventions in the technical field are based on models from nature. About the possibility to fly, our ancestors looked at the birds.
Political measures to protect biodiversity
Biodiversity intact on all levels plays an important role in human existence and climate protection. In recent decades, biodiversity has been steadily declining due to human intervention in nature. Therefore, its protection is today the subject of international political aspirations. In 1992, as part of the UN World Summit in Rio de Janeiro, the Convention on Biological Diversity, abbreviated to CBD (Biological Diversity Agreement), was signed by a total of 193 states. They have committed themselves to conserving biodiversity, using their components sustainably and distributing resources equitably. At the same time, the CBD protects the rights of individual states to dispose of their natural resources independently.