Alternative names: /
Original origin: Canada
FCI group: Pinscher and Schnauzer - Molossoide - Swiss Mountain Dogs
size: up to 75cm
size: up to 70cm
Mass () : 60 - 70kg
Mass () : 50 - 60kg
Life expectancy: 7 - 11 years
litter size: 6 - 9
coat color: white, black, brown
coat type: dense, shiny, water repellent
coat length: long
Character / essencebalanced, sensitive, patient, amiable
attitude: regular grooming necessary
Newfoundland - introduction information
The direct ancestors of the Newfoundland originated, as its name already suggests, on Newfoundland, an Atlantic island belonging to Canada. There, the Newfoundland probably developed by crossing native, from the Indians domesticated dog species with the bear dog, a large, by the Vikings in the 11th century naturalized breed with black fur. Further breeding efforts of European settlers, who were primarily active as fishermen, gradually led over the centuries to the present appearance and nature of the Newfoundland. Already in the early 17th century, the development of this old dog breed was completed, which was adapted by the physique and the dense long coat perfectly to the harsh climatic conditions of the island. The Newfoundlander was used in his homeland primarily as a water rescue dog and a workhorse to pull heavy loads. The Newfoundland came to Europe in the 19th century, where it was first recognized in Britain in 1886 as an independent breed.
With its body weight of up to almost 70 kilograms and a shoulder height of up to 71 centimeters, the Newfoundland dog is of massive and extremely muscular stature. He has a dense and completely impermeable coat, which may appear either smooth or slightly wavy. With its soft undercoat, which is partially preserved even in summer, the Newfoundland is an extremely weather-resistant, but also heat-sensitive animal. The dense, on the tail, on the runs and the breast particularly bushy fur, which is permissible in three colors, namely white-black, black and brown, makes the Newfoundland look even larger. He is often referred to by his massive appearance with the broad skull and Fang, the good-natured expression and the bushy lop-eared ears as the bear among the dogs.
This huge breed is characterized by a gentle and balanced mind and a courageous, patient and loving character. Thus, the Newfoundland is especially suitable as a family dog, who is a loyal protector of his pack and likes to live together closely with its owners. He is a talented guard dog, despite his calm and level-headed nature, who sometimes can make very stubborn decisions. Therefore, this extremely intelligent and sensitive dog of puppy age should be trained consistently but lovingly. He was bred as a working dog with a strong affinity for water and should therefore regularly be given the opportunity to swim in addition to long walks. Anyone who wants to buy a Newfoundland, should also remember that the long coat, which acts like a magnet on dirt and sand, requires special care.