Surname: Bacon beetle
Other names: /
Latin name: Dermestes lardarius
size: 0.7 - 1 cm
Appearance: oval body in different color variations
Sexual dimorphism: No
Nutrition type: Scavenger (necrophagous)
food: Carrion, organic material
distribution: worldwide, cultural successor of man
original origin: unknown
Sleep-wake rhythm: day and night active
natural enemies: Wasp wasp
sexual maturity: ?
mating season: possible all year round
Threatened with extinction: No
Further profiles of animals can be found in the Encyclopaedia.
Interesting facts about the bacon beetle
- The bacon beetles or Dermestidae describe a family within the beetles that occur throughout the world and includes over a thousand species. These are divided into a total of 45 genera.
- They inhabit different habitats around the world, many species are feared as pests due to their larvae eating habits and prefer to live in human habitations.
- Speckle beetles are of particular importance as material or storage pests. The control is compared to flies, cockroaches or ants as extremely difficult, as insecticides show little effect and their use is limited, as the larvae live very hidden.
- By contrast, bacon beetles living in the open air are considered to be beneficial organisms, as they make a valuable contribution to the ecological balance of their habitats.
- This is due to the fact that the main food source of the bacon beetle larvae consists of keratin, from the horn and hair and feathers are built. This protein is insoluble in water and can only be degraded by a few organisms as part of their metabolism.
- Bacon beetles already colonized the earth 150 million years ago.
- Depending on the species, they become a maximum of one centimeter long and are of roundish, compact and oval physique.
- The individual species differ in appearance from each other. In addition to monochrome brown, green or black bacon beetles, there are also many species that have a bright coloring or drawing of wings in orange, yellow or red.
- All of the bacon beetle larvae share the elongated shape and body covered with coarse tufts of hair.
- Depending on the species, the imagines are nocturnal or nocturnal and feed on carrion, dried animal remains, dead or living insects, pollen or parts of plants. If infested in homes or houses, it can lead to serious damage to clothing, carpets, hides and other textiles.
- Many bacon beetles protect themselves from attackers by a deadleg reflex by dropping to the ground and applying their limbs.
- The pupation of the larvae can also cause considerable damage to buildings or furniture, as they have the ability to drill through hard materials such as wood or mortar.