Latin name: Camelidae
mass: 400 - 600kg
Older: 30 - 40 years
Appearance: golden brown
Sexual dimorphism: Yes
Nutrition type: Herbivore (herbivor)
distribution: Africa and Asia
original origin: Arabia, Central Asia
Sleep-wake rhythm: diurnal
natural enemies: /
sexual maturity: with 3 - 5 years
mating season: December - February
gestation: 380 - 440 days
litter size: 1 cub
social behavior: group building
Threatened with extinction: No
Further profiles of animals can be found in the Encyclopaedia.
Interesting about the camel
- Camels are also called desert ships. For a long time deserts could only be traversed with the help of camels. Man started taming about 6,000 years ago (domestication).
- Dromedaries have a hump, bactrams have two humps.
- Camels endure extreme temperatures from -35 ° C to + 45 ° C.
- A widespread misconception: in the humps a camel does not store water but fat.
- Camels can live without water for a month.
- Camels have no natural enemies. In dry habitats they are the only mammals of this size that can survive at all.
- Camels are perfectly adapted to the dry environments in the desert. The feces contain hardly any water; Urine is released only with high concentration; reduced perspiration; As a result, camels consume only a little water during the day.
- To protect against sand, the nostrils (nostrils) are closed, the eyes protected with long eyelashes, and the ears covered with fur.
- A camel can drink up to 200 liters in half an hour. The water is stored in the stomach.
- Camels own three different stomachs. This is also necessary because they must be able to digest thorny plants (main food).
- Meanwhile, camels are also native to Australia. Man brought the animals by sea to the continent.