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Human Bones classification and anatomy quiz


I'm a junior Biology Student and I came across this Human Anatomy Question:

In respect to the bone characteristics, mark the correct answer:

A) Even bones: Palatine, Inferior jaw, Parietal.

B) Examples of Long Bones: Sternum and Radius-clavicle.

C) Some Mixed Bones are (I couldn't find a better translation for "ossos mistos" in portuguese): vertebrae, ribs, hip bones.

D)Plane Bones protect organs and form cavities, for instance we have: Ribs and Sternum.

E)Odd and Plane Bones: Occipital, Frontal and Sternum.

I am almost sure that options A through C are incorrect. I'm between options D and E, but in option E I am really sure only that the Sternum Bone is correct. I couldn't find a reliable source that said explicitly that the Occipital and Frontal Bone are Plane and Odd. And I think option D has a flaw mainly because the Sternum Bone does not form any cavities.


@KMM's comment above appears to be on the right rack.

"plane" = "flat" "mixed" = "irregular" "even" & "odd" = "paired" & "unpaired"

That being said:

  • A = FALSE because jaw bones are not paired
  • B = FALSE because sternum is not a long bone (it's a flat bone)
  • C = FALSE because ribs are not irregular bones (they're flat bones)
  • D = TRUE because both are flat bones and protect organs
  • E = FALSE but ONLY under the assumption of the persistence of a metopic suture (frontal suture) causing the frontal bone to be split (and therefore "paired").

If I had 90 seconds to answer this question I'd mark answer "C".

Vertebrae & Ribs & Hip bones all are mixed bones.


Can You Guess These Human Bones From an Image?

When we're born, we have about 270 bones. As we grow, some of those bones fuse together, leaving us with just about 206 bones left over. That's a lot of components to help us walk, talk, sit and go about our everyday business. Those of you who have taken an anatomy and physiology class know that the human skeleton is beyond complex. Each of these bones has a different function and is pretty necessary to complete tasks in a normal fashion. Some bones protect various parts of our bodies. Some bones help us walk upright. Still other bones hold our organs in place. No matter what, the majority of our bones are there for a reason (or, due to evolution, once served a greater purpose).

While you might know the skull, tibia and fibula, do you know what the bones at the tips of your fingers are called? Save your answer for this quiz. But remember, even if you aren't familiar with the full names of human bones, we welcome you to guess what goes where. Take this quiz to see just how much you remember from your A & P class (or even high school biology) and see if you can guess more than 20 of these bones correctly.


Bone Types Quiz for Anatomy

1. Which of the following is not a flat bone?

The answer is C, Mandible. The mandible (lower jaw bone) is classified as an irregular bone.

2. Which of the following is not a characteristic of long bones?

a. They are always long in length.

b. They are longer than they are wide.

c. They sometimes contain spongy bone at the ends.

d. They are more numerous than any other bone type.

The answer is A: They are always long in length, which is incorrect. Long bones are longer than they are wide, but they can be relatively short in overall length. For example, the finger bones (phalanges) are classified as long bones, but they are very short in size.

3. Anatomists classify the tarsals as what type of bone?

The answer is B, short bone. The tarsals are the bones in the foot, and they have a cube shape to them, making them short bones.

4. Which of the following is not an irregular bone?

The answer is D, scapula bone. Most anatomists classify the scapula as a flat bone, though it does have some irregular looking structures on it.

5. What is a sesamoid bone?

a. A short bone embedded in a tendon that has a sesame seed shape

b. A bone that has an irregular shape

c. A bone that is longer than it is wide.

d. A bone that is found in the sutures of the skull.

The answer is A. Sesamoid bones include bones such as the pisiform of the wrist, as well as the patella bone of the knee.

6. True or false: Sutural bones serve an important physical function.

The answer is b, false. Sutural bones do not seem to serve an important function in the skull. Nevertheless, they can sometimes serve as markers for certain diseases, but not always.

7. What type of bone is the radius bone?

The answer is C, long bone. The radius is longer than it is wide, which makes it a long bone. Most of the bones in the upper and lower extremities are long bones, except for the tarsals and carpals.

8. Which of the following bones is a sesamoid bone type?

The answer is c, Patella. The patella bone is the kneecap bone. It is classified as a sesamoid bone. The pisiform of the wrist is also classified as a sesamoid bone.

9. Which of the following is a characteristic of a short bone?

a. It is generally going to be flat.

b. It is going to be approximately as long as it is wide.

c. They are most commonly found in the skull.

d. It is the most common type of bone found in the body.

The answer is B. Short bones are a cuboid shape, meaning they are roughly as long as they are wide.

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Compact and Spongy Bone

The differences between compact and spongy bone are best explored via their histology. Most bones contain compact and spongy osseous tissue, but their distribution and concentration vary based on the bone’s overall function. Compact bone is dense so that it can withstand compressive forces, while spongy (cancellous) bone has open spaces and supports shifts in weight distribution.

Compact Bone

Compact bone is the denser, stronger of the two types of bone tissue (Figure 6.10). It can be found under the periosteum and in the diaphyses of long bones, where it provides support and protection.

The microscopic structural unit of compact bone is called an osteon , or Haversian system. Each osteon is composed of concentric rings of calcified matrix called lamellae (singular = lamella). Running down the center of each osteon is the central canal , or Haversian canal, which contains blood vessels, nerves, and lymphatic vessels. These vessels and nerves branch off at right angles through a perforating canal , also known as Volkmann’s canals, to extend to the periosteum and endosteum.

The osteocytes are located inside spaces called lacunae (singular = lacuna), found at the borders of adjacent lamellae. As described earlier, canaliculi connect with the canaliculi of other lacunae and eventually with the central canal. This system allows nutrients to be transported to the osteocytes and wastes to be removed from them.

Spongy (Cancellous) Bone

Like compact bone, spongy bone, also known as cancellous bone, contains osteocytes housed in lacunae, but they are not arranged in concentric circles. Instead, the lacunae and osteocytes are found in a lattice-like network of matrix spikes called trabeculae (singular = trabecula) (Figure 6.11). The trabeculae may appear to be a random network, but each trabecula forms along lines of stress to provide strength to the bone. The spaces of the trabeculated network provide balance to the dense and heavy compact bone by making bones lighter so that muscles can move them more easily. In addition, the spaces in some spongy bones contain red marrow, protected by the trabeculae, where hematopoiesis occurs.


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Directional Terms Quiz Anatomy

This directional terms quiz will test your knowledge on the directional terms in human anatomy, as well as the anatomical position. It’s important to know these directional terms, as they will provide you with a standard reference for anatomical structures. Remember, anatomy builds on itself, so if you learn these terms early, it will help you in your studies of human anatomy.

This quiz will cover directional terms such as superior and inferior, lateral and medial (and intermediate), proximal and distal, anterior and posterior, and superficial and deep.

Don’t forget to watch the anatomical position and directional terms lecture on YouTube, as well as our article on the directional terms for anatomy.

(NOTE: When you hit submit, it will refresh this same page. Scroll down to see your results.)

Directional Terms Quiz for Anatomy and Physiology

1. Which statement is false regarding the anatomical position?

a. The palms face the front.

b. The thumbs point away from the body.

c. The head is turned to the left side.

d. The posture is standing erect.

Answer c is the false statement. The head is looking forward in the anatomical position, not to the side.

2. The nose is superior to the navel.

The correct answer is a, true. The nose is superior (above) to the navel.

3. What’s another name for anterior:

The answer is b, ventral. Dorsal is another word for posterior.

4. The word anterior means:

a. At or toward the front of the body

b. Away from the insertion point of a structure.

c. At the back or rear of the body.

d. Toward the middle of the body.

The answer is a, toward the front of the body. Remember: Abs (abdominal muscles) are on the anterior side of the body.

5. The wrist is distal to the elbow.

The answer is a, true. Distal means farther away from the point of insertion to a body’s structure. Remember: when you hold a pistol, it’s distal to the upper arm.

6. What’s another word for “superior?”

The answer is d, cranial. Remember, the “head” of a company will be the superior authority to his or her employees. Caudal is another word for inferior.

7. The skin is _________ to the skeletal bones.

The answer is c, superficial. Remember, superficial means on or toward the body’s surface. Deep means away from the body’s surface. Although proximal means “near,” that term is referring to an attachment point or origin of a structure such as the limbs.

8. The heart is _______ to the shoulder.

The answer is a, medial. Medial means toward the midline (or middle) of the body. The heart is closer to the midline of the body in comparison to the shoulder.

9. The elbow is _________between the wrist and shoulder.

The answer is b, intermediate. Intermediate means that something is between two structures.

10. What is the term for the backside in the anatomical position:

The answer is d, posterior. Posterior is another word for a person’s backside. The prefix “post” means behind. The anterior is the front (or towards the front) of a person’s body.

11. The radius (forearm bone) is ________ to the humerus (upper arm bone).

The answer is c, distal. The forearm is further away from the point of insertion (shoulder) than the upper arm bone (humerus).

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Free Human Anatomy and Physiology Diagnostic Tests

Anatomy and Physiology may be presented as two different subjects, but they are so closely linked that they are impossible to separate. In Elementary Biology, you learn that structure, even at the level of molecular biology, is directly tied to function. Anatomy and Physiology classes apply this rule in much greater detail. You gain in-depth knowledge of structures in the Anatomy sections of the course, and you are introduced to the specific implications of these structures in the Physiology section.

Instruction in Anatomy often begins by discussing bodily structures including muscles, bones, organs, connective tissues, nerves, and vasculature. You learn the mechanics of these structures, implementing some biophysics material into your understanding of biological structures. It becomes important to understand the mechanical properties of various tissues during the physiological analysis, including force-tension analyses, bone structures, bioelectrical conduction, and other characteristics of muscle, bone, and nerves.

In Anatomy, you also need to learn the names and positions of numerous structures, which requires a great deal of memorization. You become familiar with the actions, origins, and insertions of muscles, as well as the various protrusions and contours of the bones. Neuroanatomy is often a point of focus, requiring you to learn both the topical anatomy of the brain and the sub-cortical structures. Neural and muscular anatomy generally compose the majority of Anatomy course content.

Anatomy is essentially the foundation from which you can build an understanding of Physiology. Once you are familiar with the orientation of various structures and their integration with one another, you can begin to apply functional significance to these relationships. Physiology focuses on the causes and effects of various bodily functions. Physiological content will often parallel the depth to which anatomical content was previously covered. For example, since Anatomy frequently focuses on nerves and muscles, Physiology often pays particular attention to these groups. In Physiology, you learn in-depth mechanisms of action potential propagation and neural regulation, muscle contraction theories and neuromuscular junction mechanics, and the causes of numerous disorders that are linked to the functions of these regions. Most Physiology courses also focus on endocrine mechanisms, since these actions largely affect the function of the rest of the body. Physiology content can vary from the large-scale functions of the body (e.g. walking mechanics) to the molecular functions (e.g. linkage of T-tubule and sarcoplasmic reticulum channels). It is impossible to cover all physiological mechanisms in a single course, but even introductory Physiology courses address numerous mechanisms that affect different levels of function.

Testing and exams in Anatomy and Physiology can include both written exams and laboratory practicals. For written exams, questions are often linked to labeling anatomical diagrams, though exam format can vary greatly by course. Many courses will teach the symptoms or signs of diseases, disorders, or injuries associated with class topics. Be prepared to provide diagnoses of hypothetical conditions or scenarios that may be offered on exams. Laboratory practicals are based on physical models, often dissected organisms. Questions in the practical are often linked to Anatomy, but can also easily cover the function of a pinned organ or the relationship it shares with other structures in the body.

You can bolster your Human Anatomy and Physiology knowledge by taking Varsity Tutors&rsquo free Human Anatomy and Physiology Practice Tests. Each Practice Test consists of ten to twelve Human Anatomy and Physiology questions you can think of each one as being a little quiz you can use to hone your skills. Each question includes a detailed explanation, so if you miss one, you can figure out where you went wrong. Upon completing a Practice Test, you also receive detailed statistics that allow you to see how well you did in comparison to other test-takers, as well as how long you took to answer each problem. By utilizing Varsity Tutors&rsquo free Human Anatomy and Physiology resources, you can study effectively and master Human Anatomy and Physiology with ease!


Vertebral Column Quiz for Anatomy

1. How many cervical vertebrae are there?

The answer is C, 7. These vertebrae make up the cervical spine in the neck, and they are numbered C1-C7.

2. The bones of the vertebral column are classified as which type of bone?

The answer is B, irregular. Anatomists classify these bones as irregular bones.

3. How many thoracic vertebrae are there?

The answer is A, 12. Remember, these articulate with the 12 pairs of ribs, so that will help you remember the number.

4. How many lumbar vertebrae are there?

The answer is C, 5. There are 5 lumbar vertebrae, which are denser than the preceding vertebrae.

5. How many bones are there in the vertebral column?

The answer is D, both A and B are correct. There are 33 bones in the vertebral column of an infant, but some of these bones later fuse to form the coccyx and sacrum, leaving an average adult with 26 bones in the vertebral column.

6. Which statement is true?

A. The sacrum consists of 5 fused vertebrae.

B. The coccyx consists of 3-5 fused vertebrae.

C. There are five main regions in the vertebral column

The answer is D, all of the above statements are true.

7. Which vertebral regions feature primary (kyphotic) curves?

A. The thoracic and sacral curvatures

B. The cervical and lumbar curvatures

The answer is A, thoracic and sacral curvatures. These curves are convex, curving outward toward the backside of the body.

8. Which vertebral regions feature secondary (lordotic) curves?

A. The thoracic and sacral curvatures

B. the cervical and lumbar curvatures

The answer is B, the cervical and lumbar curvatures. These curve inwardly toward the front of the body.

9. Which part of the intervertebral disc contains layers of rings?

The answer is B, annulus fibrosus. This is the fibrous ring part that surround the gel-like nucleus, which is called the nucleus pulposis.

10. All of the vertebrae are cushioned by intervertebral discs.

The answer is B, false. While intervertebral discs do cushion the vertebrae, not all vertebrae have them. There is no intervertebral disc between C1 and C2, or between the sacrum and coccyx bones.

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Human Bones classification and anatomy quiz - Biology

The following links will allow you to access real photographs of the human skeletal system.

The purpose of these pages is to quiz your knowledge on the structures of the skeletal system.

Please try to answer all structures (or guess) before you look at the answers!

Choose one of the following categories:

  • Anterior View
  • Lateral View
  • Posterior View
  • Superior View
  • Inferior View
  • Internal View
  • Mandible
  • Fetal Skull
  • Atlas (C1)
  • Axis (C2)
  • Cervical
  • Thoracic
  • Lumbar
  • Sacrum
  • Rib & Vertebra Articulated
  • Sternum
  • Scapula (Posterior Aspect)
  • Scapula (Lateral Aspect)
  • Humerus (Proximal End)
  • Humerus (Distal End)
  • Ulna
  • Radius
  • Hand (Dorsal Surface)
  • Hand (Palmar Surface)

Hopefully, you’re now feeling confident about the main bones of the body and indeed how many bones there are in the human body. So it’s time to take things to the next level. Yes - we’re talking about bone quizzes. These are the best way to identify any gaps in your knowledge to be revised later.

Alternatively, you can use our bone quizzes to learn about the bones of the body from scratch. After answering a few questions, our clever algorithm will learn where your weak spots lie and give you more questions on those topics accordingly. Clever, huh?

We recommend starting out with the basic identification bone quizzes. Once that starts to feel too easy, you can challenge yourself with the advanced identification quizzes. And if you’re feeling really confident? You can move on to our clinical question banks!

Check out some of our top picks below. Once you select your quiz topic, you’ll be able to choose which type of quiz (basic identification, advanced identification, clinical question bank or intelligent mix - a combination of all quiz types) you’d like to take. Good luck!

You can find more integrated quizzes in this little example selection of learning materials about the skeletal system.

Love this approach to studying? Check out our full guide to learning with human anatomy diagrams and quizzes.

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Watch the video: QUIZ: Bones of the Lower Body. Anatomy u0026 Physiology (January 2022).