SurnameImage: Angle spider
Other namesImage: House spider
Latin name: Tegenaria (atrica)
size: 1.5 to 2.5 cm
Older: 2 - 6 years
Appearance: reddish brown or dark brown
Sexual dimorphism: No
Nutrition type: Insectivore (insectivore)
distribution: Africa, Asia, Europe and North America
original origin: unknown
Sleep-wake rhythm: twilight and nocturnal
habitatpreferably dry habitats; Cultural successor of man
natural enemies: especially birds
sexual maturity: ?
mating season: possible all year round
oviposition: 30 - 100 eggs
Threatened with extinction: No
Further profiles of animals can be found in the Encyclopaedia.
Interesting about the angle spider
- The angular spiders or Tegenaria describe a genus within the funnel spiders, which are associated with over sixty species living in Europe.
- Angular spiders are predominantly nocturnal and move noticeably fast.
- Most species are native to Europe, Asia and Africa, other angular spiders are also found in America.
- In Central Europe, the Great Angle Spider, also known as house spider due to their habits, is considered the best known representative of this genus.
- It prefers to live in caves, tunnels, hollow trees or deep deciduous forests, but is often found in human dwellings. It likes to settle in hard-to-reach places in dark, under-used rooms such as basements, garages, sheds or garden sheds.
- Like all angular spiders, the Great Angle Spider is dark brown to reddish brown in color and has conspicuously long and angled, finely haired legs compared to the body. While the foremost legs are the longest, the length decreases continuously towards the back.
- A typical Distinguishing feature of the angle spider, which also shows the house spider, is the light brown drawing on the chest plate.
- During the day, the house spider perches in its housing tube, which has the shape of a funnel and is laid out in an undisturbed angle.
- The angular spiders, which are native to Central Europe, can reach body sizes of no more than one and a half centimeters. The leg span can be up to ten centimeters.
- Angular spiders are neither dangerous nor poisonous nor aggressive. Bites are rarely reported by angular spiders.
- The angle spider feeds on woodlice and various insects. In order to capture them, she weaves a network of several layers in front of the dungeon, where her victims are caught. This perceives the angle spider on her sensitive sensory organs on the hairs of her legs. After a lightning fast bite, the prey is paralyzed and is then consumed inside the living tube.
- The hatching caves are abandoned or resettled depending on the food supply. Female spiders often kill smaller males or female conspecifics to conquer their homes.
- The mating takes place in late summer and autumn. Mating unwilling females are cannibalistic and capture the males.
- If the partners have found each other, the mating often takes several hours and is peaceful.
- The Great Angle Spider can live up to six years old with an average age of about three years.